A practiced editor gives advice to have your projects posted within an journal that is international
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019 june
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of the researcher sharing their experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nevertheless, in reaction to your feedback, we worked with him to upgrade this post therefore it reflects our techniques. For instance, because it had been posted, we now have worked extensively with scientists to improve exposure of non-English language research. – July 10, 2019
Change: in reaction to your feedback, we now have reinstated the first text in order to see how it had been revised. – July 11, 2019
How exactly to prepare a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this series that is monthly Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their substantial history being a writer, reviewer and editor to provide suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the evaluation process (reviewer’s view) and exactly exactly what there was to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article may be the 2nd within the show. The very first article had been: “Six activities to do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center into the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head associated with the Department of Oceanography and Head for the Marine Management region. Their main subject of research is marine ecology, and it has published significantly more than 270 contributions, from where 150 come in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long profession of 32 several years of research. During this period he has got examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having an ample and view that is multidisciplinary of research.
Read more about their work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
You checklist when you organize your manuscript, the first thing to consider is that the order of sections will be very different than the order of items on.
A write-up starts aided by the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.
The content text follows the IMRAD format, which responds towards the concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you do it?
- Techniques: exactly How did you are doing it?
- Outcomes: just exactly What did you discover?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The text that is main followed closely by the Conclusion, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
Although this could be the posted framework, nonetheless, we usually make use of a various order whenever writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the numbers and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcome.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the total results and Discussion before composing the introduction. The reason being, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how will you objectively prove the significance that is scientific of work with the introduction?
- Write a definite summary.
- Compose an introduction that is compelling.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a concise and descriptive Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Article the Sources.
Upcoming, I’ll review each step of the process in detail. But you should do that will set the groundwork for the entire process before you set out to write a paper, there are two important things.
- This issue become examined ought to be the very first problem to be resolved. Determine your theory and goals (These goes within the Introduction.)
- Review the literature pertaining to this issue and choose some documents (about 30) which can be cited in your paper (These are going to be placed in the sources.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design recommendations and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Understand that “a figure is really worth a thousand terms.” Thus, illustrations, including numbers and tables, will be the most way that is efficient provide your outcomes. Important computer data will be the force that is driving of paper, which means that your pictures are critical!
How can you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables provide the real results that are experimental while numbers in many cases are useful for evaluations of experimental outcomes with those of previous works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your decision is, no pictures should replicate the information described somewhere else when you look at the manuscript.
Another factor that is important figure and dining table legends needs to be self-explanatory (Figure 2) psychology research paper topics.
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! To the end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using three to four information sets per figure; usage well-selected scales.
- Think axis label size that is about appropriate
- Add symbols that are clear information sets which are very easy to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). They can be included by you as additional product.
If you use photographs, each should have a scale marker, or scale club, of expert quality in one single corner.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary whenever submitting to a printing book. If various line designs can explain this is, avoid using colors or other thrilling effects or you are faced with high priced charges. Needless to say, this will not use to online journals. For most journals, you can easily submit duplicate numbers: one out of color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another universal problem is the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just can be utilized whenever presenting time show or consecutive examples information ( ag e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). But, if you find no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you must make use of histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too tiny when it comes to log. You need to simply simply take this under consideration, or they might be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you need to focus on the employment of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Action 2: Compose the strategy
This section reacts into the concern of the way the issue ended up being examined. If for example the paper is proposing a method that is new you ought to add detailed information so a qualified audience can replicate the test.
Nevertheless, usually do not duplicate the main points of established techniques; usage recommendations and Supporting Materials to suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or references that are key adequate.